Irish Jig in D Major
Beginner > Module 1.4

Here’s a sweet Irish jig for you to learn and enjoy. I learned it from a Martin Hays recording called The Lonesome Touch.

Notice in the first quarter how we go straight up the D major scale starting on the sixth note. That’s why we play scales! If you can see the connection between the scales and the tunes then it will make the scales a lot more interesting and fun. Eventually, you’ll be able to hear the scales in the tunes.


Warm up with the D major scale and phrases from the tune (once you’ve learned it) using a D drone: 


A part, first quarter

A part, second quarter

A part, third quarter

Third quarter: D2-2-2-1-0-2-3-A0-1-2-3

A part, fourth quarter


Centering on sound?

Let’s pause for a moment and pay attention to how we practice. 

  • Just play an open D string. 
  • Put your full intention into relaxing your body, breath, and mind.
  • Simply enjoy the sound. 
  • Next, return to the D major scale, keeping that same good sound and relaxed feel you had on the open D until the scale sounds just as good. 
  • Review the A part, keeping that same good sound and relaxed feel you had on D major scale until the tune sounds just as good.
  • Cool, now that you’ve centered yourself, let’s continue to learn this awesome tune. ??


B part, second quarter

B part, third quarter






B part, third quarter: A3-3-3-E0-1-A1-1-1-3-1

Lesson tracking

Lessons complete in Module 1.4: 


Other versions on Youtube

Practice routine

Here’s a practice routine to help make a tune sound better. You will be guided through scales and warmups using text and a video trainer.

30-minute tune routine: Kerfunken Jig


Full content

Play along tracks – full tune

55 bpm

65 bpm

75 bpm

85 bpm

95 bpm

Play along track – no fiddle

Full tabs

A part

First quarter: D2-2-2-1-0-2-3-A0-1-2-3
Second quarter: A0-0-1-0-D2-1-1-1-0-1
Third quarter: D2-2-2-1-0-2-3-A0-1-2-3
Fourth quarter: A0-0-1-0-D2-1-2-1-0

B part

First quarter: A3-3-3-E0-1-A1-1-1-1-0-1
Second quarter: A3-3-3-E0-1-1-0-A3-E0-1
Third quarter: A3-3-3-E0-1-A1-1-1-3-1
Fourth quarter: A0-D2-A0-3-0-D2-1-2-1-0

Full sheet music

Kerfunken Jig – pdf

Sheet music video

Learn to intuitively read sheet music with this animated video. If you’re an absolute beginner, then I suggest you don’t worry about fo it for the moment.

This is here for continuing students who want to learn about sheet music. It’s part of the Note-Reading For Fiddlers course.

Call-and-response with Kerfunken

This call-and-response uses bits from Kerfunken Jig. You can do it even if you have not yet learned the tune (but it might be more challenging).

Return To Top Of Module 1.4 >>
Return to top of Irish Fiddle module >>

Practice Toolkit

Here is a quick way for you to access the essential practice tools you need. Under each tab you'll find play-along tracks, tabs and condensed teachings to help you as you practice. This is an evolving idea, so let me know in a comment below if it could be better.

Last lesson completed:

Total course progress

Total modules complete:


All completed lessons

Here's a listing of all core lessons you've completed in the main course (modules 1.1 to 2.9).

Module 1.1

Module 1.2

Module 1.3

Module 1.4

Module 1.5

Module 1.6

Module 1.7

Module 1.8

Module 1.9

Module 1.10

Module 2.1

Module 2.2

Module 2.3

Module 2.4

Module 2.5

Module 2.6

Module 2.7

Module 2.8

Module 2.9

Here are drones for the most common fiddle keys. A D drone can be used to practice tunes in D major or D minor (Dorian or Aeolian).

D drone

A drone

G drone

E drone

For drones in different keys as well as different textures and beats, go to: Drone Central.

Learn more about how to play in tune with drones here: Drone tuning the notes on the D string.

Here's a newer version of the Notefinder which is based on sheet music. If you're interested in learning to read, this will be an invaluable reference. I'll be posting lessons on this in 2020.

Note: the brackets indicate notes that are the same pitch but spelled differently. For example, AH3 (D#) sounds the same as AL4 (Eb). Without going into too much teory detail here, this will be determined by the key of the tune or piece you are playing.

Notefinder table

Here's he original table version of the Notefinder. Sometimes people learn in different ways...

Sawmill tuning Notefinder

This is used to find notes in Sawmill tuning (when the G string is tuned up to A and the D string is tuned up to E). If you're a to ignore this! Learn more about sawmill tuning in the Appalachian Fiddle course.


Here are some common scales used in fiddle tunes. Each runs through a series of variations: two bows legato, two bows staccato, four bows, tucka (4 shorts, two longs), hoedown (1 long, two shorts), throwaway bow, triplets, tremolo.

D Major

G Major, starting on D3

A Major

D Dorian

A Dorian

Practice a tune with its scale (Kerry Polka is in G major, so practice a G major scale). Practice scales before, during and after practicing tunes.

For more scale play-along tracks, go to Scale Central.



Short-short-short-short-long-long. Practice on D string:

Practice more: Fingering with Bowing Exercises


Long-short-short. Practice on D string:


1-2-3 notes per step. Practice D0-0-0-A0-0-0 with plucking:

Practice more: String Crossing Exercises


Long-short.  Practice G0-0-2-2-D0-0-3-3-3-3-0-0 with the 'swing double' rhythm:

Slur pattern

Slur two

Here we play two notes per bow. Practice D0-1-1-0 with slur two:

Practice more: Slur Two Exercises

Slur three

Here we play three notes per bow. Practice D0-1-2-2-1-0 with slur three:

Practice more: Slur Three Exercises

Slur four

Here we play four notes per bow. Practice with D0-1-2-3, first time downbow, then upbow:

Practice more: Slur Four Exercises

Slur two-separate two 

This forms a hoedown pattern (long-short-short). Practice it with D0-1-1-1:

Practice more: Slur Two-Separate Two Exercises

30-minute Tune Routine

  • Tone and scale warmup: 5 minutes
  • Interval warm-ups: 5 minutes
  • Tune: 20 minutes

Find all play-along tracks for intervals here: Interval Central

One Tune, One Scale, Ten Minutes

  • Play a scale for five minutes
  • Play a tune using that scale for five minutes
  • As a variation, just alternate between a tune and its scale for ten minutes

10-minute tuning routine

  • Practice individual notes with a drone: 5 minutes
    • So to practice D1, use an E drone. To practice, D2 use an F sharp drone
    • If you're unsure what note you're playing, then use the Notefinder (found in another tab with this Practice Tools section)
  • Practice intervals with a drone: 5 minutes

    • Pick a focus note to use as the drone
    • So if you are practicing D3-A0, play along with a G drone (for D3); this will help you tune that note

20-minute review routines

  • Single-drone routine
    • Review tunes that share the same drone note. So tunes in D Major, D Dorian or D Klezmer can all be practiced with a D drone.
    • Use the Tunes Listed By Root Note page as your guide.
    • Play the relevant scale before each tune you review.
    • This is a fun and refreshing way to review tunes.
  • Last 5-10 ten tunes
    • A simpler routine is to just review the last 5-10 tunes you've learned in a twenty-minute session.
    • Play the relevant scale before each tune you review.

Experiment combining or alternating routines.

Click here for more practice routines

  • You are a musician if you PLAY EVERY DAY
    • Find a consistent time and place to practice. Make it a habit, like brushing your teeth; that way you spend no energy in deciding to practice or not.
    • Learn more: How To Practice Consistently
  • Listening is practice too.
  • Slow down.
    • This is cliché music teacher advice, but it's what most students need to do.
    • Learn more: Slow Down To Speed Up
  • Sing what you play.
    • Singing or humming (if you're shy) will help you to play in tune as well as remember melodies.
    • It can also be a lot of fun to alternate between singing and playing a phrase to song.
    • Learn more: Singing and Playing Practice
  • Practice audiation.
    • Audiation is hearing music in your head. Actively practice this.
    • Learn more: Audiation
  • Loop it.
    • Whatever level you're at, you can benefit from looping small bits and phrases.
    • Not only will it help your technique, but it will unlock your creativity and bring you joy.
    • Learn more: Looping Practice
  • Micro-learning.
    • Learn in very small increments.
    • Single notes > bits > phrases > tunes
    • Learn more: Micro-learning
  • Drone on.
  • Be your own teacher.
    • Make up your own exercises.
    • Record yourself and listen back. This way you can pinpoint what's most challenging.
    • Learn more: Be Your Own Teacher
  • Remember to sound good.
    • Always return to a good sound, even if it means playing quarter notes on the D string. You can do this! You just have to remember to pause on practicing the challenging thing and just get a good sound on single notes.
    • Why do this? Because it will bring you deep joy. And it will build your confidence which will inspire further practice.
    • Learn more: Remember to Sound Good
  • Practice Just To Practice
    • Don't fixate on being great or perfect. Good is better than perfect.
    • The moment you pick up the fiddle and play you have "made it".
    • Learn more: Practice Just To Practice

Here are a few technical reminders to remember as you practice.

Posture reminders

  • Curve left-hand and right-hand fingers.
  • Bend right thumb.
  • Bend right arm and wrist.
  • Use minimal energy.
  • Left-hand fingers land on tips, not pads. This makes for more precise playing.

Bowing tips

  • Take time to focus on bowing during each practice session.
    • Get the best possible sound on single notes using long bows, throwaway bow, rhythms. Even just a few minutes of this will drastically improve your sound.
  • Use less bow.
    • This is a rule of thumb for fiddle tunes, especially for when things are difficult.
    • Continue to practice long bows. This will improve your overall sound.
  • Play in the middle of the bow. This is the sweet spot.
  • Use no extra energy or force for double stops.
    • It's more a matter of getting the bow perfectly balanced between the two strings.
    • Again, playing with less bow will help with this.

Left-hand fingering tips

  • Keep fingers down when possible.
    • For example, if you are rapidly playing D1-2, it is easier if you keep D1 down while fingering D2.
    • Practice this on scales.
  • Practice Little Lift
    • Don't lift left-hand fingers too high. Let them just hover above the string.
    • This allows you to play faster, better in tune and with more ease.
    • Practice: two-note intervals (like D1-2), scales, tune phrases, whole tunes.
      • Keep your awareness on Little Lift as you practice more complex things.
    • Take a lesson on Little Lift.
  • Practice challenging intervals
    • Your fingers need a lot more time with things than your brain (which gets bored more easily).
    • Find the most challenging interval from a tune, like D3-A1 in Oh Susannah, and practice that until you can play it with ease and joy.
    • Use the exercises from Interval Central to go deeper with this.

Check in with the body

  • Is it relaxed or tense? Are you breathing evenly?
  • If you notice you are tense and not breathing evenly, simply pause on what you're currently practicing and play a single note. Make it sound nice. See if your body is more relaxed now.
  • If you can play a single note with a relaxed body, then try more complex things: 2-note intervals, scales, simple tune phrases, whole tunes.
  • Keep returning to single notes as a way to center yourself, relax and enjoy the process.

Little pauses

  • If you find that sound is sloppy, try adding a little pause in between the notes. This gives your fingers time to find the next note. This is especially helpful with string crossing.
  • Take a short lesson: A Little Pause
  • Practice the "Stop n' Rock" exercises from String CrossingApply this idea to more complex string crossings.

Slow down

  • Students of all levels can do this to improve their fundamental technique.
  • Practice everything more slowly than you naturally would play it.
  • Also, slow down your consumption of new lessons, techniques and tunes. Stay with one thing until it really sinks in.

Take short breaks

  • It's easy to get caught up in practicing and not notice that the body is stiff and sore.
  • Take short breaks to move, stretch and breathe.

22 responses to “Kerfunken Jig

    1. Nice going.

      Just curious, what do you need a YouTube for? Sharing videos of you playing? Who would you share with?

      I ask because I am seeking easy ways for online students to share videos for feedback…


  1. I love your lessons and love learning from you, but I find this “accordion style” difficult to work with. A lot of stopping and starting and trying to find my way. But thanks for asking for our input, and for trying new ways of teaching! It could just be me…

      1. I have kept working with it and am getting used to it now! Thanks. Like things broken down on to little bits. Family hanging in there with my practice. Only the dog is completely honest. And he doesn’t always leave the room.

  2. I like the pluses that you can open for more content, but I’d like them even better if the minus signs would close the content to shrink the volume of material on the page again. This is a great improvement idea. If you allow them to pop back into the minus sign, then I can see tab and play tracks with less mad dashing to scroll to the right place before the man on the track says. . . 1, 2, 3 FOUR
    Maybe I should memorize before I use the track, so feel free to keep that a bit challenging. But yes, like. And yet, seems it should work both ways.

  3. Hi Jason and Amber! Thanks so much for all of the brilliant material – I’ve found it all so helpful. I found this new style a bit awkward to begin with but now I’ve got the hang of it and its definitely an improvement – the interlude is a useful reminder to focus on the sound also. The sheet music bits don’t always load very quickly – actually only the fourth quarter of part A – all the others were fine.

    1. Hi Suze,

      We love your kind words! We’re sorry you’re having trouble downloading the sheet music, though sometimes it has do to with internet connection and /or the specific browser you are using to access the site.

      If it is not too much trouble we would love to use your words for future testimonials to be featured on! We appreciate all feedback, and would love to let others know how you feel about Fiddle Hed!

  4. I love the play along tracks set at a particular speed because it allows for me to get into the rhythm and cadence of the song much more, and if I miss a note or stuff up the fingering I can join in again easier. I prefer to increase my speed gradually using the play alongs which are set at a BPM rather than use One track which has all the versions. Thanks for your awesome site. I’m sounding better and learning more everyday!

  5. Loving this tune and the various speeds we can choose to practice with it until we can get it right! Also love the variations we can view from others to get some ideas of where we are heading in the future.. much thanks for the great ways you break it down to learn easily and not get frustrated! Keep it up!

  6. A3-3-3-E0-1-A1-1-1-1-0-1 This is copied directly from “Full Tabs, B Part, First Quarter” of the Kerfunken Jig. Maybe this is a note test as that is where I concluded the correction (as well as listening to you playing it), but there are four “B” notes (A1) instead of three. Do I win a prize for that score. (pun intended) 🙂

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